For nearly five months, Christopher Columbus explored the Caribbean, especially the islands of Juana (Cuba) and Hispaniola (Santo Domingo), before returning to Spain. He left 39 men to build a colony called La Navidad in today`s Haiti. He also kidnapped several Indians (between ten and twenty-five) to bring them back to Spain – only eight survived. Columbus brought back small amounts of gold as well as native birds and plants to show the richness of the continent he believed to be Asia. Columbus and the Age of Discovery, muweb.millersv.edu/~columbus/ a website run by Professor Tirado at Millersville University, leads to more than a thousand print and online sources. The last part of Ferdinand`s life was widely resumed with disputes with successive kings of France over control of Italy, the Italian wars. In 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy and returned from the throne of Naples the first cousin of Alfons II, Ferdinand`s first cousin, who was once deposed and deposed. Ferdinand allied with several Italian princes and Emperor Maximilian I to drive out the French in 1496 and place Alfon`s son, Ferdinand II, on the Neapolitan throne. In 1501, after the death of Ferdinand II and the accession of his uncle Frederick, Ferdinand signed an agreement with Charles VIII`s successor, Louis XII, who had just successfully asserted his claims to the Duchy of Milan for Naples to be divided between them, Campania and Abruzzo, including Naples itself, appealing to the French and Ferdinand, Puglia and Calabria. The agreement quickly broke down and, in the next few years, Ferdinand`s great general, Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, struggled to take Naples from the French, and finally it was 1504.
Isabella did her will on October 12, 1504, before her death on November 26, 1504. There she spells the succession of castile`s crown and leaves it to Joanna, then to Karl, Joanna`s son. Isabella doubted Joanna`s ability to govern and did not trust Joanna`s husband, Archduke Philip. Ferdinand settled down soon after his wife`s death to continue his role in Castile. On the day of his wife`s death, he formally renounced his title as king of Castile and became governor (Gobernador) of the kingdom to become regent. Philip thought his wife was good and capable of dominating. A compromise was found between Philip and Ferdinand, which earned Ferdinand another role in Castile.  Ferdinand was regent during his absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband, Archduke Philip. Ferdinand tried to keep the reign permanently, but was rejected by the Castilloise nobility and replaced by Joanna`s husband. But these reflections do not diminish the scope of his achievements. If Columbus did not discover America, he found the best routes for the Europeans to reach it, and almost all the other ships followed him for the next three hundred years.
His explorations have led to continuous contacts between the European and American peoples. Columbus has focused the attention and capital of European governments and investors on America, leading them to create colonies throughout the region over the next century. And he was the first European to explore the Caribbean islands and the mainland, from Honduras to Venezuela.